Brief 1

Posted: February 17, 2015 in Dissertation Literature Review

Chant and Be Happy

This book is a self-help guide to mantra meditation. The word mantra is a combination of two ancient Sanskrit words, Man, meaning the mind, and Tra is the root word of an instrument. The historically proven and working activity of chanting Hare-Krishna can enlighten ones mood and self awareness.

 P27. Kirtana generally gives a more supercharged effect, like re-charging ones spiritual batteries’’

Based upon the teachings of ‘his divine grace’ ‘A.C Bhaktivedanta, the founder of the foundation for krishna consciousness, the book discusses the history and conceptual beliefs around chanting, breathing and meditation although science isn’t brought into the equation there is a couple of interviews with two famous western musicians such as John Lennon and George Harrison who both practice and promote the exercise.



 This book links the four liberal arts of Geometry, Numbers, Cosmology and Music. Mapping out what sound looks like and how it behaves in different frequencies via pictographs, geometric shapes and sciamatics the book claims it is a glimps into the nature of reality. Walking through the history and the concepts of early number systems from around the world, the book then relates numbers and music to the visual. A harmonograph is a victorian instrument that gives a visual guide to the mathematics and harmonies of music by creating an array of geometric and symmetric images they explain the development of harmonic structure. The platonic and archemdian solid shapes are then unfolded and ‘flatpacked’ into grid like images and the journey through musical keys is related and explained through the meandering directions from shape to shape, chord to chord, key to key. The book then relates the spiraling behaviour of forming planets and stars to the circular visuals of sciamatics.

 Page 206. ‘’The characteristics of drawings result from the meeting of of the running down process with the ‘laws’ represented by the various frequency ratios’’







Mother-infant musical interaction and emotional communication:

A literature Review.

 A BMus(MusEd) Alison Creighton wrote this paper on emotional communication between a mother and an infant. Emotional communication is the fluctuation between emotions and developing an understanding is vital to encourage, support and develop young children. The text goes into more detail by explaining that the most positive forms of communication is one that aligns itself with the other, either to amplify positive emotions or accelerate or motivate an other. If a child should grow up without the musical comfort and communications from a mother then the emotional state is unstable and the child associates the mother to distrust, thus creating low self-esteem and self-concept. On the search for possible musical interventions the text explains how the music and emotional interaction from the infant age is vital to the development of emotional response and communication.

‘’Furthermore, the same interactions that regulate the infant’s emotions and develop attachment are also constantly shaping the neural connections and structure of the brain and thus impact upon the child’s future development (Cozolino, 2010; Gardner & Goldson, 2002; Schore, 2001, 2003;’’

In other words attachment and child development are linked; the same emotionally communicative interactions that develop parent-child attachment also influence the development of the infant’s brain and regulatory systems and thus, the overall future development of the child (Cozolino, 2010; Gardner & Goldson, 2002; Schore, 2001, 2003; Siegel, 1999b).










Neurophysiological and Behavioral Responses to Music Therapy in Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States



This text is a published report trying to underpin the required methods of therapy for people with various disorders of consciousness. The study of neurological and behavioral responses from subjects in minimal or vegetative states of consciousness was the key foundation of the report and through measurements of electronic EEG and respitory measurements the


Case study ..

“A” was a 35-year-old female, admitted to the unit with severe TBI following a road traffic accident 10months previously, who had undergone bi-lateral frontal craniotomies to reduce cranial swelling. Both her SMART and MATADOC assessments gave a diagnosis of VS. Medication adjustments, spiking temperatures, and general poor arousal levels were thought to be impacting on her response levels. The experimental session took place during this assessment period, i.e., when arousal was reduced.

Is it saying that audible responses can encourage the development of ones brain…





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