Archive for the ‘Lecture Notes.’ Category

P.E Research for Vlog.

Posted: October 27, 2014 in Lecture Notes.

Philosophical Encounters

Associated research & own examples


Rhyzome research…. crossbreed



Albert Einstein


Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.

Albert Einstein

The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.Albert Einstein


Religious cults or cults in general are rhizomatic in essence?


Sometimes we learn rhizomatically.. not knowing your learning..




Philosophical Encounters #3

Posted: October 24, 2014 in Lecture Notes.

‘’Really Real’’


This week we looked at the above commercial for Coca Cola and the parody of what is thought to be really real? The corporate company uses a manufactured boy band (who might not have any musical playing ability) to portray their product as a Real Thing. Is coke a real drink? What is the definition of real? Is it more than just music? And what does real mean in a world that seeks to make profit of consumers.

Dellurze & Guitarri in a 1000 plateaus talk about ‘everything’ being real, real to that specific person at one specific time. Capturing experiences for any person committing to pay attention.. critics said this advert had prophetic properties concerning the future of music.

Multiplicity. – a number or variety of component’s.. many potential differences, not exactly two dimentional.

Some re-cap words


  • Rhizomes
  • Virtual
  • Image
  • The rhythm


Ecology of speeds..

 It is not just a matter of music but of how to live:

 Matt talked about an artist standing in front of a canvas who is looking to create something out of nothing.. however dellurze and guitarrez believe that the fact the artist is there in that process is exposing something of an unseen nature but definably there as a driving or collaborative force towards creativity or expression.

Sonic Warfare


A book by Steve Goodman called sonic warfare relates experiences as being pulses or throbs of this energy as to feel is to be effected and to be effected is to feel.

Life is a multiplicity of powers to differ, so that matter is expressive not only in its encounter with the human eye (the actually perceived, or perceptions) but also in its autonomous, vibrating and inhuman power (the virtual percept, what is there to be perceived) (Claire Colebrook, Deleuze: a guide for the perplexed. 2006: 97-98)

 Plato’s Cave

We were shown an animation called plato’s cave and discussed the matters of perceptions and reality. What is real? How do we know its real? Do we give labels to what we don’t know to give it a territory, as known territories are somewhat stable or at least opposed to outside chaos. deleuze concurs and elaborates by saying every experience will effect your relationship to things weather it was real or not.


‘ Images are no longer anchored by representation, therefore they float weightless in hyperspace.’ (Brian Massumi,

Plato Concluding..

  • Nothing is real?
  • You can access a higher truth elsewhere
  • Everything external of you is you having experiences however that wont and don’t change the moral of man.
  • Creating separation from the divine consciousness

Deleurze concluding…

  • Everything is a reality in its self
  • No start or finish to truth, always is, aways was, and is infinite
  • Everytime round the same rhizomatic system we me face similarities between experiences but indifference is inevitable. So everything is ever growing and ever changing.


 .. the virtual is not opposed to the real; it possesses a full reality by itself. The process it undergoes is that of actualisation. (Gilles Deleuze, Difference and Repetition. 2004: 263)


Fakery, forging, copying, and imitating goods, ideas, and realities, in accordance to dellurze, all have strong grounds to be considered a reality in their own right.

Matt talks about how things are an assemblage of production, the simulation isn’t as equal as the original but has a genuine experience attached to its generational audience. Hyper reality is the way we explain the grey areas between the true and the false. The fact that every copy is only an image of the original, it gains its originality by being a separate entity.


It is therefore proper to say that the system excludes the assignation of an originary and a derived as though these were a first and second occurrence, because the sole origin is difference […] It is under this aspect, without doubt, that the eternal return is revealed as the groundless ‘law’ of this system. The eternal return does not cause the same and similar to return, but is itself derived from a world of pure difference […] The eternal return has no other sense than this: the absence of any assignable origin – in other words, the assignation of difference as the origin (Gilles Deleuze, Difference and Repetition. 2004: 153)

Deluerze concludes by saying both true & false are both realities in themselves but separate from each other.

Dergsons Cone of Memory..

See slide..

This image shows the self being on the lower plane and an expanding cone growing outwards as it goes upwards.. suggesting that there are different planes or levels of memory or consciousness that one can tap into. ß- delurze claims this also\


… we are and remain “anybodies” before we become “somebodies”. Underneath the identity of our bodies or organisms, we have what Deleuze calls a body. We have the singularity of what Spinoza termed “a singular essence” […] How then can we make such pre-individual singularities coincide in space and time; and what is the space and time that includes them? …

 We need a new conception of society in which what we have in common is our singularities and not our individualities – where what is common is “impersonal” and what is “impersonal” is common (Rajchman, 2001: 14)

 Absolute immanence is in itself: it is not in something, to something; it does not depend on an object or belong to a subject. In Spinoza, immanence is not immanence to substance; rather, substance and modes are in immanence. Immanence is not related to Some Thing as a unity superior to all things or to a Subject as an act that brings about a synthesis of things: it is only when immanence is no longer immanence to anything other than itself that we can speak of a plane of immanence…

 We will say of pure immanence that it is A LIFE, and nothing else. It is not immanence to life, but the immanent that is in nothing is itself a life. A life is the immanence of immanence, absolute immanence: it is complete power, complete bliss. (Deleuze, Immanence: A Life: 26-27)

Philosophical Encounters #2

Session 2 Notes.

Still looking at Dellurze and guitarri’s 1000 plateaus this week was about rhythms, Milieus, Refrains, and bodies without organs.


The refrain,


‘’A child in the dark, gripped by fear, comforts himself by singing under his breath’’


Matt explained how we are all creating circles of trends and feel safe in territories; using this example above we discussed how the boy creates a territory for himself by singing. The song is separate and may appear to have no relevance to being in fear however, when applied in this situation he has created a circle or territory of comfort for himself. Is it more than just the music? In the comic strip we see he is advised to pray every night for protection.

  • More examples..
  • Dog peeing on tree
  • Bird song (26secs in)


A territory is always en route to an at least potential deterritorialisation, even though the new assemblage may operate a reterritorialisation (something that “has-the-value-of” home).



Everyday in life we create circles/territories, in cities, at home, at work, to discern from our created order the outside chaos.. we either let people into our circles or we step out into others. In relation to our art and music we create or join in on circles and trends too. Once we notice that there is an outside to our inside, the refrain states that you are placed into a process of thought in regards to; 1. Identifying your territory, 2. What shall you do about it or for it & 3… Acting upon your decisions based on your investigation…


Not necessarily in this order either, it’s the way these steps are so relative to each other they are all parts of the assemblage creating territory. The refrain is an assemblage of territory. With out the comfort of territories there wouldn’t be a perception of a chaotic outside…

 ‘’From chaos, Milieus and Rhythms are born…

Every milieu is vibratory, in other words, a block of spacetime constituted by the periodic repetition of the component’’

 the above statement is a nice way to explain sound.. (elaborate)


territories are a product of milieu and rhythm. When an act has become expressive in its space by the process of the refrain, it will then identify itself and by creating these territories we are all proving to be artists in our own right. By creating sustaining and venturing out to new territories, circle or trends…

So in regards to music rhythm and melody have become expressive/territorialised. (bring back to point of nothing is new and

 Every milieu is vibratory, in other words, a block of spacetime constituted by the periodic repetition of the component’’

The territory is the product of a territorialisation of milieus and rhythms. Territorialisation is an act of rhythm that has become expressive or of milieu components that have become qualitative. Can this becoming, this emergence be called Art? That would make the territory the result of art. The artist: the first person to set out a boundary stone, or to make a mark.


  • The work of art is a being of sensation and nothing else: it exists in itself. Harmonies are affects. Consonance and dissonance, harmonies of tone or colour, are affects of music or painting […] The artist creates blocs of percepts and affects, but the only law of creation is that the compound must stand up on its own (What Is Philosophy)


The territory itself is a place of passage. The territory is the first assemblage… But how could it not already be in the process of passing into something else, into another assemblage?


Society, systems, authority, instruments engines are all mechanic assemblages.


Everywhere it is machines- real ones, not figurative ones: machines driving other machines, machines being driven by other machines, with all the necessary couplings and connections.” (Anti-Oedipus)


We will call an assemblage every constellation of singularities and traits deducted from the flow—selected, organised, stratified—in such a way as to converge (consistency) artificially and naturally; an assemblage, in this sense, is a veritable invention. Assemblages may group themselves into extremely vast constellations constituting “cultures,” or even “ages”; within these constellations, the assemblages still differentiate the phyla or the flow, dividing it into so many different phylas, of a given order, on a given level, and introducing selective discontinuities in the ideal continuity of matter-movement (Anti Oedipus

 territorial refrains that seek, mark, assemble a territory

territorial refrains mark new assemblages, pass into new assemblages by means of deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation

 “Everything is production” explains that every idea that you make creates co-ordinates of something new. Your productions will reciprocate into another production and so on so forth. Everything you consume is directly produced into something else and what you produce is directly consumed by others.

 Given the above subjects or concepts we ask ourselves how can we confidently break out of our built up territories and comfort zones without a leap of faith or the will to keep pushing on for bigger better (the desire for growth) human nature for more…


That which has been is that which will be, And that which has been done is that which will be done. So there is nothing new under the sun.


Find your body without organs!

Inspired from a play called The Masochist, dellurze and guittari took the concept of finding your body without organs…

 Why such a dreary parade … when the BwO is also full of gaiety, ecstasy and dance? Why not walk on your head … see through your skin, breathe with your belly … Where psychoanalysis says, “Stop, find your self again,” we should say instead, “Let’s go further still, we haven’t found our BwO yet, we haven’t sufficiently dismantled our self.”

 In a quest to find your self we need to break out of all stigma being created by society, systems and procedures that are already known.. Venture into the unknown.. almost like to find yourself you must go further still into the abyss until dismantling yourself completely you will find when you return that the old body is no longer there, instead something entirely new exists.

A body without organs is made up in a way that it can be populated and occupied only by components or parts of the assemblage.. not fighting to be number 1 but to be everything at once working in unison, contributing to the expression of its particular space in time.

Theres is a plane of consistency (the assemblage) that runs through matter, ideas, emotions and machines and a body without organs can access these complexities by creating things that are an expression of self life or emotions at any given time.

 When I say that “Alice [from Alice in Wonderland] becomes larger,” I mean that she becomes larger than she was. By the same token, she becomes smaller than she is now. Certainly, she is not bigger and smaller at the same time. She is larger now; she was smaller before. But it is at the same moment that one becomes larger than one was and smaller than one becomes. This is the simultaneity of a becoming whose characteristic is to elude the present (Deleuze, 2004: 3)

 Talk about the above.. No one is ever still. No matter how slow the progress we are a constant animation of learning and growing.


Becoming Animal.

 The painter and the musician do not imitate the animal, they become-animal at the same time as the animal becomes what they willed…Becoming is never imitating\

John cages 4’’33 is a great example of how silence has been re-territorialised into an art form giving us a whole new relationship to music

 Music is a deterritorialisation of the voice, which becomes less and less tied to language…

The becoming-woman, the becoming-child of music are present in the problem of the machining of the voice. Machining the voice was the first musical operation…


Animals games and nomads\?

Philosophical Encounters

Session 1 Notes

Matt opened up the session with the course overview and explained the entry for this module would be a 2500 word paper, delivered in a presentation using media such as power-point or slide show of some kind.

He explained that the course is looking at..

‘’what it means to experience and make music, & how do we know what experiences are?’’


Unknown– metzinger?

-He introduced us to Delurze & Guitarri’s book 1000 plateau’s.

both post humanist critical theorists who wrote a book mostly by exchanging letters..

Tree Thinking & Rhizomes…

-Delurez believes we all have a tree growing in our heads, a right way and wrong way to do things, only one original and everything else being imitation. analyzing the world from a fixed point of view here we prove to see restrictions.. Tree logic is Tracing the real.. copying. arbourescent thought because…

..rather than like a tree more of a grass? The central point being dispursed.. No start or finish as it feeds into and out of one thing. If you cut it at any point it will grow elsewhere like roots of the ginger or iris plant. This opposes the tree thinking model concluding that there is a rhizomatic relationship that relates to each given situation in terms of growth. Will grow and connect and must do. The point is do we produce our own consciousness? Or is there a an other dimensional force of energy that is somehow storing this knowledge…

Concluding thought is not arbourescent .. homogentiy and hetreogenity?

In relations to music the same music will and does pop up every generation slightly different and giving genuine experiences to listeners of the time.

Rhizomatic thinking,. where everything is relative to its relationship with the other party which is inclusive to all, the best and the worst. We see rhizomes around us in society all the time, matt uses the example of drug dealers,

 ‘’if you take out one out another will take there place.’’

Rats act like a rhizome,’’

And on the other hand tree thinking is being fixed on a right or wrong, one truth..‘’Having a structured head full of trees!’’ Both concepts are real in regards to the dynamic effect they have in experiencing everyday change.


So tracing is never really tracing, it still exists as an image of the real thing.. but cant ever have the same relationship as the real piece as it is only a tracing.


Hyper-reality then will suggest that (for example) One Direction may not be considered as a genuine pop group in regards to their manufactured looks and predictable pop music but to the younger 13 yr olds who are buying there music they are having a good and genuine experience.

Fair to conclude that thought is not arbourescent, everyone thinks differently and thinking rhizomatically will allow observations of life to not be so rigid and oppressive..


-look at twin peaks

useful links.